Technical systems for video productions

Basi­cally, the tech­nol­ogy employed forms the foun­da­tion for fur­ther pro­cess­ing and use. The bet­ter the qual­ity of the footage the less restric­tions you have later.


Eine analoge Filmkamera als alte Aufnahmetechnik von vorne mit Fokus auf dem Objektiv.

The pro­duc­tion of indus­try films con­tains dif­fer­ent sys­tems. In the past the best pos­si­ble qual­ity was the pro­duc­tion on 70 mm film, which was used in High-End cin­ema pro­duc­tions, fol­lowed by 35 mm for nor­mal cin­ema pro­duc­tions to 16 mm which were used for com­mer­cials or music videos. Nowa­days all record­ing tech­niques are dig­i­tal. Sony intro­duced a high def­i­n­i­tion TV (HD-TV) sys­tem on the mar­ket which allows high qual­ity HD pro­duc­tions.

TV chan­nels are real­iz­ing high qual­ity fea­tures with a Dig­i­tal Beta­cam or a XD-CAM. These pro­fes­sional sys­tems are often used for the pro­duc­tion of busi­ness-films as well.

Eine Kameramann mit einer DSLR-Kamera. Im Hintergrund eine weitere referenz film Mitarbeiterin.

In the field of pro­fes­sional HD-pro­duc­tions, dig­i­tal sin­gle lens reflex (DSLR) cam­eras are reg­u­larly employed. With their big lenses it´s pos­si­ble to cre­ate a high qual­ity cin­ema look. How­ever, their bet­ter cre­ative options mean more expenses and require an expe­ri­enced cam­era oper­a­tor.

Today’s video cam­eras record in HD, but the oppor­tu­ni­ties to be cre­ative are more restricted than with DSLR cam­eras. In return both costs and com­plex­ity are reduced. For lower costs and lower qual­ity pro­duc­tions the footage of busi­ness-films is shot with dig­i­tal sys­tems DV-Cam or HDV by Sony or DVC-Pro by Pana­sonic. DV is a cheaper sys­tem from Sony and is devel­oped mainly for ama­teurs. It´s used in TV pro­duc­tions for the cre­ation of cheap con­tent. The higher res­o­lu­tion alter­na­tive is HDV, which is more com­pressed than HD-TV and has a much lower qual­ity.

The next lev­els are the video for­mats 2k, 4k and most recently 8k, which are used nor­mally for cin­ema pro­duc­tions. The dif­fer­ence is the size of the frame.

Com­par­ison:

Man sieht die Größe verschiedener Filmformate im Vergleich.

–a video with a stan­dard res­o­lu­tion has a width of 720 pixel

–a HD-Video has a width of 1280 or rather 1920 pixel (Full HD)

–2K has a width of 2048 pixel

–4k has a width of 4096 pixel. Due to its enor­mous data vol­ume pro­cess­ing requires the fastest high-end work sta­tions.

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